figure of speech in english


                     A figure of Speech is a departure from the ordinary from of expression the ordinary course of ideas in order to produce a greater effect."
                                     -  P. C. Wren


1. Simile (उपमा)
2. Metaphor (रूपक)
3. Personification (मानवीकारण)
4. Apostrophe (सम्बोधन)
5. Oxymoron  (विरोधाभास)
6. Hyperbole (अतिशयोक्ति)
7. Onomatopoeia (ध्वनि-सूचक)

1. Simile 
             A simile is a comparison between two objects of different kinds, which have at least one point in common. The word 'as', 'like', or 'so' are used for comparison.

1. Live like a hermit and work like a hours.
2. The night is dark as a black bird.
3. She is as fresh as dew.

                    In metaphor the things compared are treated as one and the same and the words of comparison 'as', 'like' or 'so' are not used.


1. Kabirdas is the Shakespeare of India.
2. Life is but a walking shadow.

3. Personification
                              In personification lifeless objects and abstract ideas are thought of as persons having life.


1. Death lays his icy hands on kings.
2. Love is blind.

4. Apostrophe
                      An Apostrophe is a direct address to the dead, to the absent or to a personified object or idea.


1. O liberty ! Why are you so dear?
2.O Death ! Come soon.

5. Oxymoron
                    In this figure of Speech, two opposite qualities are added to the some thing.


1. This idly busy rolls their world away.
2. Mohan I was the wisest fool.

6. Hyperbole
                      In Hyperbole, things are shown as greater or less, butter or worse,than they really are.


1 Ten thousand saw I at a glance.
2 Rivers of blood flowed in the battle.

7. Onomatopoeia
                              In this Figure of Speech, the sound suggests the sense or meaning.

1. Bees hum.
2. I hear lake water lapping with low sound by the shors.